APA style research paper citation rules

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Quotes in the course work are necessary, firstly, as material for interpretation and, secondly, as an argument in support of the stated judgment. Follow the citation rules.

Rule 1. The passages intended for interpretation should not be too long and not too short. (A long quotation is difficult to parse. In a short quotation there is little material for analysis.)

Rule 2. Excerpts from critical literature are quoted only when they authoritatively confirm or authoritatively supplement the opinion expressed by you.

Rule 3. It is assumed that you (as a user) agree with what you are quoting, except when your polemic clause is placed before the quote or after it.

Rule 4. In any quotation, it should be clear who is the author of the phrase, which printed source you refer to.

Rule 5. If the quotation does not exceed the volume of two – three lines in apa style research paper, it can be inserted inside the paragraph, limiting quotes, paws. If the quotation takes more space, it can be distinguished otherwise: retract, reducing the spacing or font. In the latter cases, quotes are not needed because you have already highlighted the quote.

Rule 6. Quotes must be absolutely accurate. Any comments, explanations, clarifications should be out of quotation: in straight lines or angle brackets.

Rule 7. Any reference should be clear, reliable, verifiable.

When referring to the sources used, serial numbers are given for the list of references and, if necessary, page numbers. Data is indicated in square brackets: [7] or [7, p.77].
You can make a quote in this way, indicating the names of the authors, year of work and page numbers in brackets after the quote. Do not forget to include the full reference to the work in the list of references at the end of the work.

Psychologists distinguish between two kinds of theories: normative and descriptive. A theory of Bayes ’rule. Descriptive theories try to characterize actual choices. A decorated quote may look like this:
Richard Thaler, speaking of modeling techniques, writes that “Psychologists share two kinds of theories: normative and descriptive. According to them, normative theories characterize a rational choice: examples are the axioms of the theory of expected utility and Bayes’ rule. Descriptive theories make attempts to characterize the actual choice “{1}.


1 Thaler R.H. From Homo Economicus to Homo Sapiens // Journal of Economic Perspectives,

Vol. 14, No. 1 (Winter, 2000), p. 138.


1. Thaler R.H. From Homo Economicus to Homo Sapiens // Journal of Economic

Perspectives, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Winter, 2000), p 133-141.